Guide To Computer Forensics And Investigations ...
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Computer forensics, also known as cyber forensics or digital forensics, is the investigation of digital data gathered as evidence in criminal cases. Law enforcement agencies and private firms fight cybercrime using computer forensics to track, locate and extract digital information needed for criminal investigations.Computer forensics specialists search hard drives to uncover deleted or hidden files using file recovery programs and encryption decoding software. In addition to computers, these forensics specialists are also adept at gathering pertinent information from network servers, databases, smartphones, tablets, and other digital devices.
Computer forensics has become an increasingly popular field over the years. The computer forensics industry is predicted to grow by 17% between 2016-2026, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Due to higher caseloads, state and local government are predicted to hire additional computer forensic science technicians in order to keep up with the demand. In-depth media coverage of local and national criminal cases/data breaches, along with the popularity of forensic television shows, aide in more public awareness around the importance of computer forensic science.Also, with the speed of advancing technology in today's society, computer forensic science technician profession will be in demand to keep up with the constantly changing landscape. Across all industries, technology continues to drive the future of the world economy. Computer forensic science is becoming more popular across all fields in order to identify computer crimes or protecting data.
Computer forensics jobs can take on a variety of titles and responsibilities. Also, a computer forensics salary can vary depending on the specialty they work in. Below is information regarding current related job titles, salaries, expected job growth and additional details about each corresponding computer forensics job description.
There are many different types of certifications available for computer forensics specialists. Focused either on best practices in a particular concentration or specific software used in the industry, completion of a certification ensures that you have a firm grasp of the ethical and legal issues of the field, industry know-how and current tools. While certification is not a requirement for all positions, job applicants are looked upon more favorably when they have earned their certification.Here are some of the most common certifications*:
Aside from certifications, there are also training courses and programs available for further professional development through organizations such as the National Institute of Justice and the National Computer Forensics Institute. It is also important to note that some states require computer forensics investigators to obtain a private investigator license and requirements for this license varies by state.
Computer forensics positions can be found at local, state, and federal government agencies, from city police departments to the National Security Agency (NSA), Homeland Security and the FBI (the lead federal agency for investigating cyber attacks by criminals, overseas adversaries and terrorists).* Computer forensics positions, such as a forensic computer analyst, can also be found in the private sector on a full-time or contractual basis at places such as banks, software development companies, law firms, and accounting firms.
With years of professional experience and knowledge, computer forensics investigators can advance their career (and their salary) by becoming a senior forensics investigator or starting their own private practice or consulting agency where they can support a variety of clients.
ACG (0606) 361 - Special Topics Credits: 2.00 to 4.00 Computer Forensics will introduce the student to the need for computer forensics; computer crimes; applicable laws; and the basics of computer forensics and investigations. Will also provide an overview of computer forensics and trends and methodologies currently being used in the fields of digital investigations, data recovery, and computer forensics.
In this work, a survey was conducted to help quantify the relevance of nineteen types of evidence (such as SMS) to seven types of digital investigations associated with mobile devices (MD) (such as child pornography). 97 % of the respondents agreed that every type of digital evidence has a different level of relevance to further or solve a particular investigation. From 55 serious participants, a data set of 5,772 responses regarding the relevance of nineteen types of digital evidence for all the seven types of digital investigations was obtained. The results showed that (i) SMS belongs to the most relevant type of digital evidence for all the seven types of investigations, (ii) MMS belongs to the most relevant type of digital evidence for all the types of digital investigations except espionage and eavesdropping where it is the second most relevant type of digital evidence, (iii) Phonebook and Contacts is the most relevant type of digital evidence for all types of digital investigations except child pornography, (iv) Audio Calls is the most relevant type of digital evidence for all types of digital investigations except credit card fraud and child pornography and (v) Standalone Files are the least relevant type of digital evidence for most of the digital investigations. The size of the response data set was fairly reasonable to analyze and then define; by generalization, relevance based best practices for mobile device forensics, which can supplement any forensics process model, including digital triage. For the reliability of these best practices, the impact of responses from the participants with more than five years of experience was analyzed by using one hundred and thirty three (133) instances of One-Way ANOVA tests. The results of this research can help investigators concentrate on the relevant types of digital evidence when investigating a specific case, consequently saving time and effort. 781b155fdc