Buy Moon Dust
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When lunar meteorites are prepared into slices in our lab, lunar dust is created during the cutting process. We carefully recover and save this lunar dust . It is this Moon dust that we use in our display boxes. Because of the careful steps and process we follow, we can 100% guarantee the authenticity of our lunar Moon dust for sale. Moon dust should not be ingested and like all rock dust it is unhealthy to breath in.
Two years later, Carlson sued NASA again, this time for damaging the bag during the inspection and holding on to some dust from its insides. NASA scientists had used a piece of carbon tape to nab some of the embedded lunar dust, which was mounted on small aluminum stubs for analysis, and they had kept those samples. According to Carlson, the loss had prevented her from selling the bag for its originally estimated value.
Space lawyers view the sale through a slightly different lens. As many countries gear up for future missions to the moon and beyond, extraction and use of resources from space may soon become a reality. Such activities fall under the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, an international agreement that lays the foundation of modern space law.
NASA announced on Thursday it awarded contracts to four companies to collect soil from the moon for $1 to $15,000, rock-bottom prices that are intended to set a precedent for future exploitation of space resources by the private sector.
U.S. Marshalls put that bag up for auction and geology enthusiast and lawyer Nancy Lee Carlson purchased it for $995 in a lot that also included an Apollo command module headrest and a launch key for the Soviet Soyuz T-14 spacecraft. Suspecting the moon dust was worth more than what she paid for it, Carlson sent the bag to NASA for authentication in 2015. NASA confirmed that the moon dust was real, and asserted that it was government property, refusing to send it back.
NASA has not yet made plans for the retrieval of the collected samples, and it's unclear if the material will be brought to Earth, agency officials said. (NASA already has a lot of moon rocks here; the Apollo missions hauled home 842 lbs., or 342 kilograms, of lunar material between 1969 and 1972.)
Masten, ispace Europe and Lunar Outpost all plan to collect their samples from the moon's south polar region, where the three companies aim to land in 2023. Masten will use its XL-1 lander, ispace Europe will rely on its Hakuto-R lander and Lunar Outpost's robot will apparently hitch a ride to the lunar surface aboard Blue Origin's Blue Moon lander, NASA officials said today.
Artemis is NASA's ambitious program of crewed lunar exploration, which aims to land two astronauts near the south pole in 2024 and establish a long-term, sustainable human presence on and around the moon by 2028.
The newly announced contracts deepen Artemis' ties with international and private-sector partners, which were already substantial. For example, NASA will rely on private landers to put Artemis astronauts down on the moon in 2024 and beyond, and to carry robotic payloads to the lunar surface ahead of those landmark crewed touchdowns.
NASA has also begun putting together an international moon-exploring coalition, which is formalized via a set of principles known as the Artemis Accords. Nine nations have signed the Accords to date, clearing the way for them to participate in the Artemis program. Japan and Luxembourg are among the signatories, though ispace Japan and ispace Europe would still have been eligible for the newly awarded NASA contracts even if their home nations had not signed, agency officials said today.
Lunar soil typically refers to only the finer fraction of lunar regolith, which is composed of grains 1 cm in diameter or less, but is often used interchangeably. Lunar dust generally connotes even finer materials than lunar soil. There is no official definition as to what size fraction constitutes "dust"; some place the cutoff at less than 50 μm in diameter, while others put it at less than 10 μm.
Lunar soil is composed of various types of particles including rock fragments, mono-mineralic fragments, and various kinds of glasses including agglutinate particles, volcanic and impact spherules. The agglutinates form at the lunar surface by micrometeorite impacts that cause small-scale melting which fuses adjacent materials together with tiny specks of elemental iron embedded in each dust particle's glassy shell. Over time, material is mixed both vertically and horizontally (a process known as "gardening") by impact processes. The contribution of material from external sources is relatively minor, such that the dirt composition at any given location largely reflects the local bedrock composition.
Due to myriad meteorite impacts (with speeds in the range of 20 km/s), lunar surface is covered with a thin layer of dust. The dust is electrically charged and sticks to any surface with which it comes in contact.
There is some evidence that the Moon has a tenuous layer of moving dust particles constantly leaping up from and falling back to the Moon's surface, giving rise to a "dust atmosphere" that looks static but is composed of dust particles in constant motion. The term "Moon fountain" has been used to describe this effect by analogy with the stream of molecules of water in a fountain following a ballistic trajectory while appearing static due to the constancy of the stream. According to a model proposed in 2005 by the Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, this is caused by electrostatic levitation. On the daylit side of the Moon, solar hard ultraviolet and X-ray radiation is energetic enough to knock electrons out of atoms and molecules in the lunar soil. Positive charges build up until the tiniest particles of lunar dust (measuring 1 micrometre and smaller) are repelled from the surface and lofted anywhere from metres to kilometres high, with the smallest particles reaching the highest altitudes. Eventually they fall back toward the surface where the process is repeated. On the night side, the dust is negatively charged by electrons from the solar wind. Indeed, the fountain model suggests that the night side would achieve greater electrical tension differences than the day side, possibly launching dust particles to even higher altitudes. This effect could be further enhanced during the portion of the Moon's orbit where it passes through Earth's magnetotail, part of the magnetic field of the Moon. On the terminator there could be significant horizontal electric fields forming between the day and night areas, resulting in horizontal dust transport - a form of "Moon storm".
It is possible that these storms have been spotted from Earth: For centuries, there have been reports of strange glowing lights on the Moon, known as "Transient lunar phenomena" or TLPs. Some TLPs have been observed as momentary flashes, now generally accepted to be visible evidence of meteoroids impacting the lunar surface. But others have appeared as amorphous reddish or whitish glows or even as dusky hazy regions that change shape or disappear over seconds or minutes. These may have been a result of sunlight reflecting from suspended lunar dust.
A 2005 NASA study listed 20 risks that required further study before humans should commit to a human Mars expedition, and ranked "dust" as the number one challenge. The report urged study of its mechanical properties, corrosiveness, grittiness, and effect on electrical systems. Most scientists think the only way to answer the questions definitively is by returning samples of Martian dirt and rock to Earth well before launching any astronauts.
Although that report addressed Martian dust, the concerns are equally valid concerning lunar dust. The dust found on the lunar surface could cause harmful effects on any human outpost technology and crew members:
The principles of astronautical hygiene should be used to assess the risks of exposure to lunar dust during exploration on the Moon's surface and thereby determine the most appropriate measures to control exposure. These may include removing the spacesuit in a three-stage airlock, "vacuuming" the suit with a magnet before removal, and using local exhaust ventilation with a high-efficiency particulate filter to remove dust from the spacecraft's atmosphere.
Moon dust-contaminated items finally became available to the public in 2014, when the US government approved the sale of private material owned, and collected, by astronauts. Since then only one item has been produced for sale with genuine Moon dust collected after the item spent over 32 hours on the Moon. A luggage strap, exposed to the elements of the Moon for 32 hours, a piece of Charles "Pete" Conrad's spacesuit on the Apollo 12 mission, was sold by his estate to a private purchaser at auction. In 2017 lunar soil collected by Neil Armstrong in 1969 was put up for auction. While many jewelry- and watch-makers claim their product contains "Moon dust", the products only contain pieces of, or dust from, meteorites believed to have originated from the Moon. On 11 September 2020, NASA announced that it is willing to create a market for lunar soil by calling for proposals to purchase it from commercial suppliers. In May 2022, scientists successfully grew plants using lunar soil. Thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana) was the first plant to have sprouted and grown on Earth in soil from another celestial body.
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Lunar masonry starts on Earth. European researchers are working with Moon dust simulants that could one day allow astronauts to build habitats on our natural satellite and pave the way for human space exploration. 781b155fdc